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Learn Chinese Ancient Poems

These 80 Chinese Ancient Poems are collected from reader's recommendation. Each poem is represented in 3 formats: text, MP3 and Flash.

In text format, each poem is PINYIN annotated and has detail Chinese explanation of background history and poem meaning.

MP3 records each poem standard Mandarin pronunciation.

Each poem's Flash version provides more vivid information about poem reading, poem's PINYIN, poem history background, standard Mandarin pronunciation and exercise drill. All information narrated by a real person. Background Chinese music is ancient style too.

In China, these poems are mastered by every student in elementary school. They are really good start point for beginners of learning chinese. Enjoy it.

Flash Version MP3 version

chángháng jiē 
()
hàn
qīngqīngyuánzhōngkuí cháolòudāi  
yángchūn shēngguānghuī 
chángkǒngqiūjiēzhì  huánghuāxiécuī 
bǎichuāndōngdàohǎi shíguī 
西
shǎozhuàngnáo lǎoshāngbēi 

[注释]

1.青青:植物生长得旺盛时颜色。2.晞(xī):晒干。3.阳春:暖和的春天。4.德泽:恩惠。5.秋节:秋季。6.焜(kūn)黄:枯黄色。7.华:同“花”。8.老大:年老。9.徒:徒然。

[今译]

  河水滔滔流向东海,怎么可能再往回流呢?少壮年华不努力有所作为,待到年纪老时,就是懊悔悲伤也没有用。

[赏析]

乐府诗是最能代表汉代诗歌成就的一种体裁。它常采用赋、比、兴、互文、反复歌咏的修饰手法及铺陈、对比、烘托等技巧状物抒情,这首《长歌行》便代表了这种特色。

“青上园中葵”四句描述了春天的景象。清 晨、朝露、青葵、阳光,这是一副多么生机盎然的图画。春回大地,万物生长,大自然赐与人间春光和恩泽。诗人的欣喜,感激之情力透纸背,随即又抒发了悲壮的 情绪。“哀”字既是对萧瑟景象的描述,又是对惋惜心情的表达。接着联想到百川归海、一去不回,并以此来比喻韶光之匆匆易逝。最后感慨“少壮不努力,老大徒 伤悲”,劝勉世人要珍惜光阴,有所作为。全诗从青葵起兴,联想到四季变化;又以江河作比,得出应当抓紧时间、奋发努力的结论,其比、兴手法是很明显的。

《长歌行》属汉乐府《相和歌、平调》两首中的第一首。“长歌”适宜表达深沉的感情,这一首娓娓道来,有描述,有抒情,有叹惋,也有劝勉,使整首诗含蕴细腻,余意无穷。既继承了“歌以咏志”的传统,又极富形式上的美感,便于反复吟诵。