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Learn Chinese Ancient Poems

These 80 Chinese Ancient Poems are collected from reader's recommendation. Each poem is represented in 3 formats: text, MP3 and Flash.

In text format, each poem is PINYIN annotated and has detail Chinese explanation of background history and poem meaning.

MP3 records each poem standard Mandarin pronunciation.

Each poem's Flash version provides more vivid information about poem reading, poem's PINYIN, poem history background, standard Mandarin pronunciation and exercise drill. All information narrated by a real person. Background Chinese music is ancient style too.

In China, these poems are mastered by every student in elementary school. They are really good start point for beginners of learning chinese. Enjoy it.

Flash Version MP3 version

chūsāi
wángchānglíng
qínshímíngyuèhànshíguān chángzhēngrénwèihái 
dànshǐlóngchéngfēijiāngzài jiāoyīnshān 
使

[注释]

  1.出塞:是唐代诗人写边塞生活的诗常用的题目。

  2.秦时明月汉时关:即秦汉时的明月,秦汉时的关塞。意思是说,在漫长的边防线上,一直没有停止过战争。

  3.但使:只要。

  4.龙城飞将:指汉朝名将李广。南侵的匈奴惧怕他,称他为“飞将军”。这里泛指英勇善战的将领。

  5.胡马:指侵扰内地的外族骑兵。

  6.阴山:在今内蒙古自治区,古代常凭借它来抵御匈奴的南侵。

[简析]

王昌龄(约698-756),字少伯,京兆长安(今陕西西安市)人。唐代诗人。

  这是一首著名的边塞诗,表现了诗人希望起任良将,早日平息边塞战事,使人民过着安定的生活。

  诗人从写景入手,首句勾勒出一幅冷月照 边关的苍凉景象。“秦时明月汉时关”不能理解为秦时的明月汉代的关。这里是秦、汉、关、月四字交错使用,在修辞上叫“互文见义”,意思是秦汉时的明月,秦 汉时的关。诗人暗示,这里的战事自秦汉以来一直未间歇过,突出了时间的久远。次句“万里长征人未还”,“万里”指边塞和内地相距万里,虽属虚指,却突出了 空间辽阔。“人未还”使人联想到战争给人带来的灾难,表达了诗人悲愤的情感。

  怎样才能解脱人民的困苦呢?诗人寄希望 于有才能的将军。“但使龙城飞将在,不教胡马度阴山。”只要镇守龙城的飞将军李广还活着,就不会让胡人的骑兵跨越过阴山。“龙城飞将”是指汉武帝的镇守卢 龙城的名将李广,他英勇善战,多次把匈奴打败。“不教”,不允许,“教”字读平声;“胡马”,这里指代外族入侵的骑兵。“度阴山”,跨过阴山。阴山是北方 东西走向的大山脉,是汉代北方边防的天然屏障。后两句写得含蓄、巧妙,让人们在对往事的对比中,得出必要的结论。

  这首诗被称为唐人七绝的压卷之作。悲壮而不凄凉,慷慨而不浅露,王诗《出塞》两首,本诗是第一首。