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Learn Chinese Ancient Poems

These 80 Chinese Ancient Poems are collected from reader's recommendation. Each poem is represented in 3 formats: text, MP3 and Flash.

In text format, each poem is PINYIN annotated and has detail Chinese explanation of background history and poem meaning.

MP3 records each poem standard Mandarin pronunciation.

Each poem's Flash version provides more vivid information about poem reading, poem's PINYIN, poem history background, standard Mandarin pronunciation and exercise drill. All information narrated by a real person. Background Chinese music is ancient style too.

In China, these poems are mastered by every student in elementary school. They are really good start point for beginners of learning chinese. Enjoy it.

Flash Version MP3 version

chái
鹿
wángwéi
kōngshānjiànrén dànwénrénxiǎng 
fǎnjǐngshēnlín zhàoqīngtāishàng 

 [注释]

  1. 鹿柴:地名。柴,一作“寨”。行军时在山上扎营,立木为区落,叫柴;别墅有篱落的,也叫柴。

  2. 空:诗中为空寂、幽静之意。

  3. 但:只。

  4. 返景:夕阳返照的光。景,日光。

 [简析]

  这首诗是王维后期山水诗的代表作《辋川集》中的一首。诗中描绘鹿柴附近的空山深林在夕阳返照下的幽静景色。

  首句“空山不见人”直接描写空山的寂寥 静谧。山之所以“空”,是因为杳无人迹。“不见人”三字,将“空”具体化。次句“但闻人语响”,以局部的有声反衬整体的寂静。通常情况下,山中尽管无人, 但不会无声。“但闻”二字将瑟瑟风声、潺潺水声、唧唧虫声、啾啾鸟声统统排除开,只听见偶尔传来的几声“人语响”。表面上看,这几声“人语响”似乎打破了 寂静,其实,一阵人语响过以后,空山又回到了万籁俱寂的境界之中。

  三、四两句“返景入深林,复照青苔上” 用夕阳返照来反衬深林的幽暗清冷。按理说,要描写幽暗的境界应回避光亮,诗人却偏偏写“返景入深林”。猛一看,这一抹微弱的斜晖似乎给幽暗的深林带来了一 丝光亮,其实恰恰相反。当“返景”的余晖透过斑驳的树影照在青苔上时,那一小块光亮与一大片幽暗所形成的强烈对比,反而使深林的幽暗更加突出。况且,那 “返景”不仅微弱,而且短暂,一抹余晖转瞬逝去之后,接踵而来的便是更漫长的幽暗。

  王维“晚年惟好静,万事不关心”(《酬张少府》)。《辋川集》中的作品,大多着力描写自然景色的静美境界,前人认为这些诗不谈禅机而深得禅理,读之身世两忘,万念俱绝。这反映了王维晚年对现实冷漠的消极思想,但这些诗“诗中有画”的表现手法却具有不朽的美学价值。