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Learn Chinese Ancient Poems

These 80 Chinese Ancient Poems are collected from reader's recommendation. Each poem is represented in 3 formats: text, MP3 and Flash.

In text format, each poem is PINYIN annotated and has detail Chinese explanation of background history and poem meaning.

MP3 records each poem standard Mandarin pronunciation.

Each poem's Flash version provides more vivid information about poem reading, poem's PINYIN, poem history background, standard Mandarin pronunciation and exercise drill. All information narrated by a real person. Background Chinese music is ancient style too.

In China, these poems are mastered by every student in elementary school. They are really good start point for beginners of learning chinese. Enjoy it.

Flash Version MP3 version

mánshūjiāngzàokǒu
西
xīn
tāixiàqīngjiāngshuǐ zhōngjiānduōshǎohángrénlèi 
běiwàngchángān liánshǔshān 
西
qīngshānzhēzhù jìngdōngliú 
jiāngwǎnzhēngchóu shānshēnwénzhè 

 

[作者简介]

辛弃疾(1140-1207),字幼安,号稼轩,山东济南人,南宋杰出的爱国主义词人。

 

  [注释]

菩萨蛮:词牌名。造口:在今江西万安西南。

  1. 郁孤台:在今江西赣州市西南。清江:这里指赣江。

  2. 行人:被金兵骚扰流离失所的人。

  3. 长安:汉唐首都,在今西安市。这里借指汴京(今河南开封市)。这两句说:抬头向西北远望,想看到故都汴京,可惜被万千山岭挡住了。可怜:可惜。

  4. 愁余:使我忧愁。

5. 鹧鸪:鸟名,叫声悲切,听时像在说“行不得也”,也借此指恢复中原之事行不得。

 

[今译]

 

郁孤台下这赣江的流水,水中有多少行人的眼泪。我举头眺望西北的长安,可惜只见到无数的青山。但青山怎能把江水挡住,浩浩江水终于向东流去。江边日晚我正满怀愁绪,听到深山传来声声鹧鸪。

 

  [解说]

这首词从怀念往事写到现实,表达了作者对中原未能恢复的沉郁心情,以及驱敌救国理想不能实现的抑郁和苦闷。“青山遮不住,毕竟东流去”,现在用来说明历史的发展是不以人的意志为转移的。

名句赏析——“青山遮不住,毕竟东流去。”

辛弃疾的毕生志愿就是要北伐中原,恢复大宋江南的统一。他有将相之才而无从施展,不管何时何地,无论所见所闻,种种物象,都会激发他的报国之志和悲愤之情。建炎三年(1129),金兵南侵,直入江西,隆裕太后在造口弃船登陆,逃往赣州。四十七年后,辛弃疾途经造口,想起从前金兵肆虐、人民受苦的情景,不禁忧伤满怀。况且中原至今仍未收复,举头眺望,视线却被青山遮断;但浩浩荡荡的江水冲破重重阻碍,奔腾向前。这既是眼前实景,又暗喻自己百折不回的意志,也增强了他争取最后胜利的信心。但一想到南归后的遭遇,又愁上心头,而那“行不得也哥哥”的鹧鸪啼声,更使他愁上加愁。全词一波三折,极尽回环宛曲之美;善于运用比兴手法,笔笔言山水,处处有兴寄。