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Learn Chinese Ancient Poems

These 80 Chinese Ancient Poems are collected from reader's recommendation. Each poem is represented in 3 formats: text, MP3 and Flash.

In text format, each poem is PINYIN annotated and has detail Chinese explanation of background history and poem meaning.

MP3 records each poem standard Mandarin pronunciation.

Each poem's Flash version provides more vivid information about poem reading, poem's PINYIN, poem history background, standard Mandarin pronunciation and exercise drill. All information narrated by a real person. Background Chinese music is ancient style too.

In China, these poems are mastered by every student in elementary school. They are really good start point for beginners of learning chinese. Enjoy it.

Flash Version MP3 version

wàngshānbào
bái
zhàoxiāngshēngyān yáokānbàoguàqiánchuān 
fēiliúzhíxiàsānqiānchě shìyínjiǔtiān 

[注释]

  1.庐山:在江西省九江市南,是我国著名的风景区。

  2.香炉:即香炉峰,在庐山西北,因形似香炉且山上经常笼罩着云烟而得名。

  3.挂前川:挂在前面的水面上。

  4.九天:古代传说天有九重,九天是天的最高层。

[简析]

  这是诗人李白五十岁左右隐居庐山时写的一首风景诗。这首诗形象地描绘了庐山瀑布雄奇壮丽的景色,反映了诗人对祖国大好河山的无限热爱。

  首句“日照香炉生紫烟”。“香炉”是指 庐山的香炉峰。此峰在庐山西北,形状尖圆,像座香炉。由于瀑布飞泻,水气蒸腾而上,在丽日照耀下,仿佛有座顶天立地的香炉冉冉升起了团团紫烟。一个“生” 字把烟云冉冉上升的景象写活了。此句为瀑布设置了雄奇的背景,也为下文直接描写瀑布渲染了气氛。

  次句“遥看瀑布挂前川”。“遥看瀑布”四字照应了题目《望庐山瀑布》。“挂前川” 是说瀑布像一条巨大的白练从悬崖直挂到前面的河流上。“挂”字化动为静,维纱维肖地写出遥望中的瀑布。

  诗的前两句从大处着笔,概写望中全景:山顶紫烟缭绕,山间白练悬挂,山下激流奔腾,构成一幅绚丽壮美的图景。

  第三句“飞流直下三千尺”是从近处细致地描写瀑布。“飞流”表现瀑布凌空而出,喷涌飞泻。“直下”既写出岩壁的陡峭,又写出水流之急。“三千尺”极力夸张,写山的高峻。

  这样写诗人觉得还没把瀑布的雄奇气势表现得淋漓尽致,于是接着又写上一句“疑是银河落九天”。说这“飞流直下”的瀑布,使人怀疑是银河从九天倾泻下来。一个“疑”,用得空灵活泼,若真若幻,引人遐想,增添了瀑布的神奇色彩。

  这首诗极其成功地运用了比喻、夸张和想象,构思奇特,语言生动形象、洗炼明快。苏东坡十分赞赏这首诗,说“帝遣银河一脉垂,古来唯有谪仙词”。“谪仙”就是李白。《望庐山瀑布》的确是状物写景和抒情的范例。